When to give fidyah for not fasting

Question:

Is it valid to pay fidyah (compensation) for not fasting before Ramadan starts?

Answer:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

If one can’t fast due to a permanent illness or old age and there is no hope of making up the missed fasts then it is permissible for them to pay the fidyah for not fasting as Ramadhan starts or during Ramadhan for the whole month but not before Ramadhan starts as it will not be valid.

فِي الْمَوسُوعَة الْفِقْهِيّة: اخْتَلَفَ الْفُقَهَاءُ فِي مَسْأَلَةِ مَا إِذَا كَانَ يَجُوزُ لِلشَّيْخِ الْعَاجِزِ وَالْمَرِيضِ الَّذِي لاَ يُرْجَى بُرْؤُهُ تَعْجِيل الْفِدْيَةِ، فَأَجَازَ الْحَنَفِيَّةُ دَفْعَ الْفِدْيَةِ فِي أَوَّل الشَّهْرِ كَمَا يَجُوزُ دَفْعُهَا فِي آخِرِهِ. (حاشية ابن عابدين). وَقَال النَّوَوِيُّ: اتَّفَقَ أَصْحَابُنَا عَلَى أَنَّهُ لاَ يَجُوزُ لِلشَّيْخِ الْعَاجِزِ وَالْمَرِيضِ الَّذِي لاَ يُرْجَى بُرْؤُهُ تَعْجِيل الْفِدْيَةِ قَبْل دُخُول رَمَضَانَ، وَيَجُوزُ بَعْدَ طُلُوعِ فَجْرِ كُل يَوْمٍ، وَهَل يَجُوزُ قَبْل الْفَجْرِ فِي رَمَضَانَ؟ قَطَعَ الدَّارِمِيُّ بِالْجَوَازِ وَهُوَ الصَّوَابُ.(المجموع للنووي)۔

Allah knows best
Syed Hussain ibn Imamuddin
9 April 2020

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