Making a will according to Islamic inheritance law

Question:

A man with a wife has 4 children; 1 son and 3 daughters wants to make a will of his wealth according to Islamic inheritance law. Both his parents have passed away. How will his wealth be distributed in this circumstances?

Answer:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

If he leaves behind his wife, 1 son and 3 daughters, in this case his wife will receive 1/8 of the entire wealth equivalent to 12.5%. The remaining wealth should be divided into 5 shares, the son will receive 2 shares, and each daughter will receive 1 share, i.e. the son will receive 35% and each daughter will receive 17.5%

Allah knows best
Syed Hussain ibn Imamuddin
18 Dhul-Qaʻdah 1441 / 9 July 2020

Approved by
Mufti Muhammad Tahir (Hafizahullah)
Darul Uloom Bury, UK

قال الله سبحانه وتعالى في سورة النساء: يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلادِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأُنثَيَيْنِ۔

وَلَكُمْ نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ أَزْوَاجُكُمْ إِن لَّمْ يَكُن لَّهُنَّ وَلَدٌ فَإِن كَانَ لَهُنَّ وَلَدٌ فَلَكُمُ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْنَ مِن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصِينَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ وَلَهُنَّ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ إِن لَّمْ يَكُن لَّكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَإِن كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُم مِّن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ۔

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