Ruling on playing the piano

Question

Is playing the piano allowed in Islam?

Answer:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Playing the piano is not lawful in Islam. This is based on the following ahadeeth:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful. [Bukhari 5590]

Abu Umama reported the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying, “God has sent me as a mercy to the universe and as a guidance to the universe, and my Lord who is great and glorious has commanded me to annihilate stringed instruments, wind instruments, idols, crosses and pre-Islamic customs. [Musnad Ahmad 22307]

Allah knows best
Syed Hussain ibn Imamuddin
12 Dhuʻl-Qiʻdah 1443 / 11 June 2022

References

أخرج الإمام بخاري في صحيحه عن عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ غَنْمٍ الأَشْعَرِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَامِرٍ ـ أَوْ أَبُو مَالِكٍ ـ الأَشْعَرِيُّ وَالله مَا كَذَبَنِي سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ لَيَكُونَنَّ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أَقْوَامٌ يَسْتَحِلُّونَ الْحِرَ وَالْحَرِيرَ وَالْخَمْرَ وَالْمَعَازِفَ، وَلَيَنْزِلَنَّ أَقْوَامٌ إِلَى جَنْبِ عَلَمٍ يَرُوحُ عَلَيْهِمْ بِسَارِحَةٍ لَهُمْ، يَأْتِيهِمْ ـ يَعْنِي الْفَقِيرَ ـ لِحَاجَةٍ فَيَقُولُوا ارْجِعْ إِلَيْنَا غَدًا‏.‏ فَيُبَيِّتُهُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَضَعُ الْعَلَمَ، وَيَمْسَخُ آخَرِينَ قِرَدَةً وَخَنَازِيرَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏”‏‏.‏

وفي الموسوعة الفقهية: المعازف منها ما هو محرم كذات الأوتار والنايات والمزامير والعود والطنبور والرباب، نحوها في الجملة، لما روي عن علي رضي الله تعالى عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا فعلت أمتي خمس عشرة خصلة حل بها البلاء وعد صلى الله عليه وسلم منها: واتخذت القينات والمعازف ، وما روي عن أبي أمامة رضي الله تعالى عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن الله بعثني رحمة وهدى للعالمين، وأمرني أن أمحق المزامير والكنارات يعني البرابط والمعازف۔

Published by Mufti Syed Hussain ibn Imamuddin

Mufti Syed Hussain (Founding director of An-Nidaa Academy) is a graduate of the very first Islamic Institute in Europe, Darul Uloom Al Arabiya Al Islamiya, Bury UK. Shaykh completed his diploma on Islamic theology in Darul Uloom Bury in 2007. Throughout the course he studied various subjects; Arabic language and grammar, Fiqh, Usoolul Fiqh, Balagah, Hadith (sihah sitta), Usoolul Hadith, and Tafsir. Among his respected Shuyukh and teachers were the likes of Shaykhul Hadith Yusuf Motala R.A. (1946 – 2019) founder of Darul Uloom Bury and many more institutes of its like, Shaykh Hashim, Shaykh Bilal Bawa, Mufti Shabbir, Mufti Muhammad Tahir Wadee, Shaykh Abdur Rahim Limbada and many others. May Allah preserve them. Shaykh devoted several years after graduation in studying Ifta course under the supervision of Shaykh Mufti Abdur Rahman (Shaykhul Hadith of Ishaatul Islam London, Khateeb of Shahjalal Mosque Manor park London and former Hadith teacher at Jamia Madania Kazir Bazar Sylhet, Bangladesh). Beside his teachers at Darul Uloom Bury he has also received ijazah (permission) of Hadith from the following Shuyukh: Shaykhul Hadith Shah Ahmad Shafi R.A (1920-2020), student of Shaykhul Islam Husain Ahmad Madani (r.a), and former Shaykhul Hadith and Rector of Al-Jamiatul Ahlia Darul Ulum Moinul Islam Hathazari, Bangladesh. Shaykh Mufti Muhammad Rafi Usmani The Grand Mufti of Pakistan and President of Darul Uloom Karachi. Shaykhul Hadith Mukhlisur Rahman Qiampuri Shaykhul Hadith of Jamia Islamia Umarpur, Sylhet, Bangladesh. Respected Shaykh authorized Mufti Syed Hussain with a high sanad (chain of narrators) which is as follows: Shaykh Mukhlisur Rahman Qiampuri from Shaykh Abbas Ali khanpuri (r.a) from Shaykh Abdur Rahman Amruhi (r.a) from Shaykh Fadhlur Rahman Ganj Muradabadi (r.a) from Shaykh Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlvi (r.a) from Musnadul Hind Shaykh Shah Wali Ullah Dehlvi (r.a) (Allah’s mercy be upon them all). After many years of dedication in studying Shaykh Syed Hussain went on to teaching. In order to utilise the knowledge in an easier and more modern method Shaykh decided set up an online foundation by the name of An-Nidaa Academy. As an acting director Shaykh intends to broadcast his valuable knowledge and experience to the students of deen. May Allah accept his effort to provide deeni knowledge to the masses, the effort of his Shuyukh and teachers, the effort of the staff and the effort of the student who has set down on the path to acquire knowledge of deen. Aameen.

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